Art Skill Scarcity: What Happened?
Learning how to draw realistically was a necessary skill taught in much formal education up until the dawn of the 20th century. Being able to accurately draw ideas for a bridge was as necessary of a skill for engineers as calculating its structural integrity. It is rare indeed today to find a civil engineer in a drawing classroom, but historically it was necessary to teach engineers a visual language to accurately express their ideas .
At the turn of the last century, training for artists, engineers, and the generally educated population drastically changed.
A Modernist theory took root that training an artist would ruin the artist’s potential creativity. As a result of this, many of the early Modernists who had classical training themselves, such as Mondrian and Picasso, chose to purposefully not train the next generation of artists in nuanced and complex visual literacy skills. Multiply the application of this extreme theory over several generations and the result is that hundreds of years of inherited artistic knowledge and discoveries, tirelessly handed down from artist to artist for centuries, became almost entirely lost by the 1980s.
As general education moved away from drawing training as a core school subject, many misconceptions have taken root in popular imagination about how drawing and art happen. Today I often hear that one inherently “has” or “doesn’t have” artistic talent, or that so-and-so can’t even draw a stick figure, or that an otherwise literate person must not be capable of becoming an artist because he or she doesn’t have the indefinable and elusive “it”.
This is nonsense.
It is also an extreme disservice to anyone who wishes to learn how to draw and paint. Anyone can have “it” when they have access to teachers with visual literacy skills. And luckily today, these skills are accessible in places called “ateliers” and can be learned from anyone that has what is known in our contemporary world as “atelier training.”
Learning to draw, paint, or sculpt realistically is about training your eye to see better. And the ability to see with nuance and sensitivity is a skill that can help all of humankind, not just artists. Imagine a scientist who observes a barely perceptible color change in the petri dish that his eye was trained sensitively enough to see. Or the surgeon who can make a smaller incision in exactly the right place on the first try because she understands the subtle surface forms of the human figure.
Visual literacy is extremely important and is experiencing a renaissance due to the desire of people wishing to understand how they can glean more knowledge from a single glance. Now, more and more people are connecting with ateliers to pursue realistic drawing and painting skills, and even more importantly, improve how they literally see the world.